Australia has made significant strides in ensuring workplace safety and public health concerning asbestos management. Asbestos, once widely used in construction due to its fire-resistant and insulating properties, is now recognised as a severe health hazard. In light of this, Australian legislation mandates that workplaces built before 1990 must maintain an asbestos register and management plan if asbestos is found or suspected to be present. This article delves into the importance of these regulations and their role in safeguarding the health of Australians.

Understanding Asbestos

Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral that was commonly used in construction materials until its harmful health effects were discovered. When asbestos-containing materials (ACMs) are damaged or disturbed, tiny asbestos fibres are released into the air, posing a significant risk to human health. Inhalation of these fibres can lead to serious diseases, including asbestosis, lung cancer, and mesothelioma.

The Legacy of Asbestos

Australia, like many other countries, has faced the consequences of widespread asbestos use in the past. As a result, many older buildings, including commercial & residential properties and workplaces built up to 2003, can contain asbestos. This legacy necessitates stringent regulations to protect workers, occupants, and the general public from potential asbestos exposure.

The Asbestos Register

One of the key requirements under Australian law is the establishment and maintenance of an asbestos register. This register is a concise document that identifies and records the location of asbestos-containing materials within a building. It serves as a crucial resource for property owners, managers, and maintenance personnel, ensuring that they are aware of potential asbestos hazards on the premises. It’s not possible to confirm if a material contains asbestos just by looking at it, only scientific testing of a sample can be relied upon.

The Asbestos Management Plan

In addition to the asbestos register, Australian law also mandates the development and implementation of an asbestos management plan. This plan outlines the strategies and procedures for managing asbestos safely within the workplace and must be updated every 5 years. It includes details on how asbestos will be identified, assessed, and managed, as well as protocols for responding to incidents involving asbestos.

Importance of Compliance

Compliance with these regulations is not only a legal requirement but also a moral obligation. The health and safety of workers and the public must be a top priority, and managing asbestos is an integral part of achieving this goal. Failing to comply with these regulations can result in serious consequences, including fines and legal liabilities.

Mitigating Health Risks

The presence of asbestos in older buildings poses an ongoing health risk. Asbestos fibres can become friable (easily crumbled) over time, making them more likely to become airborne and be inhaled. By maintaining an asbestos register and management plan, building owners can proactively address these risks, preventing potential asbestos-related diseases among occupants and workers.

Education and Training

A critical aspect of asbestos management is ensuring that those responsible for building maintenance and renovations are adequately trained. Proper training equips individuals with the knowledge and skills to handle asbestos-containing materials safely. It also helps them understand the importance of following established protocols and guidelines to minimise exposure risks.


Australia’s legal requirement for commercial properties and workplaces built before 1990 to maintain an asbestos register and management plan is a crucial step in safeguarding the health and well-being of its people. Asbestos, once embraced for its versatility in construction, now stands as a silent threat. By identifying and managing asbestos-containing materials effectively, Australia can mitigate the risks associated with this hazardous substance. Compliance with these regulations not only upholds the law but also demonstrates a commitment to protecting the health and safety of all who interact with these older buildings. Asbestos may be a legacy of the past, but by adhering to these regulations, Australians can ensure a safer and healthier future for generations to come. For more information on asbestos audits, call All Building Inspections today.